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Monday, August 10, 2020 | History

1 edition of Opium poppy cultivation and heroin processing in Southeast Asia. found in the catalog.

Opium poppy cultivation and heroin processing in Southeast Asia.

Opium poppy cultivation and heroin processing in Southeast Asia.

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  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Drug Enforcement Administration, Intelligence Division, Strategic Intelligence Section in [Washington, DC] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Opium poppy -- Growth -- Asia, Southeastern.,
  • Heroin -- Asia, Southeastern -- Synthesis.

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsUnited States. Drug Enforcement Administration. Strategic Intelligence Section.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv , 31 p. :
    Number of Pages31
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17750756M

    Southeast Asia Opium Survey – Executive Summary and the Way Forward 5 As the income of the small group of farmers who ceased cultivating poppy in subsequently decreased, it seems that to compensate some of those farmers (44%) increased the area of land under the cultivation of other crops.   Poppy cultivation in Mexico, and, to a lesser extent, Colombia and Guatemala, expanded during the last decade, following the trend in the illegal heroin market in the United States, although official data from drug control organisations are not very reliable, lack clarity with regard to the methodologies used (especially in the case of Colombia.

      Poppyland (): The heroin trade has long fuelled Myanmar's civil war. For some, opium provides a roaring illicit income; for others, a modest farming job. .   This book constitutes a summary of McCoy's Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia (see review) and an update leading into the nineties. While the prior book was primarily focused on Southeast Asia, this one points towards Afghanistan, where the opiate trade has retreated since the American retreat from Vietnam/5.

      After decades of expansion in Southeast Asia, illegal opium poppy cultivation eventually receded .pdf) during the early s, from an estimated total of . The opium gum may be crudely refined and smoked (e.g., "brown sugar") or converted to morphine and heroin. Growers usually make more for opium than for other crops, and the cultivation and refining employ hundreds of thousands of people, but the real profits go to the drug traffickers.


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Opium poppy cultivation and heroin processing in Southeast Asia Download PDF EPUB FB2

Opium Poppy Cultivation and Heroin Processing in Southeast Asia also presents the technical relationship between opium poppy cultivation in the Golden Triangle (the moun­ tainous region where Burma, Laos, and Thailand share common borders) and heroin production in the laboratories of Southeast Asia.

Robert C. BonnerFile Size: 2MB. Opium poppy cultivation and heroin processing in Southeast Asia. [Washington, DC]: Drug Enforcement Administration, Intelligence Division, Strategic Intelligence Section, [] (OCoLC) Online version: Opium poppy cultivation and heroin processing in Southeast Asia.

But heroin chemists or, more precisely, heroin “cooks,” in Mainland Southeast Asia must possess a higher level of knowledge and skills than the poppy farmers who produce the opium. In addition, the owners and operators of such heroin laboratories must provide an elaborate support system of cash, armed protection, chemicals, equipment.

Get this from a library. Opium poppy cultivation and heroin processing in Southeast Asia. [United States. Drug Enforcement Administration.;]. Heroin's long journey to America's streets begins with the planting of the seed of an opium poppy.

The flower's botanical name is papaver somniferum. or ready for further processing into. Opium is the name for the latex produced within the seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. The plant is believed to have evolved from a wild strain, Papaver setigerum, which grows in coastal areas of the Mediterranean Sea.

Through centuries of cultivation and breeding for opium, the species somniferum evolved. Today, P. somniferum is. Though opium yields vary based on growing conditions, acres (1 hectare) of poppies typically produce between and 33 lbs. (8 to 15 kilograms) of raw opium, according to the book. Opium poppy cultivation and heroin processing in Southeast Asia [Unknown.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Opium poppy cultivation and heroin processing in Southeast Asia/5(3). Opium Poppy Cultivation and Heroin Processing in Southeast Asia: Executive Summary Origin and History of the Opium Poppy The Opium Poppy Plant Opium Poppy Growing Areas Field Selection and Land Clearing Land Preparation and Cultivation Methods Opium Harvesting Methods.

Cooking Opium Extraction of Morphine from Opium Conversion of Morphine to /5(8). Opium Poppy Cultivation and Heroin Processing in Southeast Asia by N.A Book Resume: Download or read Opium Poppy Cultivation and Heroin Processing in Southeast Asia book by clicking button below to visit the book download website.

There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Opium (or poppy tears, scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is dried latex obtained from the seed capsules of the opium poppy Papaver somniferum.

Approximately 12 percent of opium is made up of the analgesic alkaloid morphine, which is processed chemically to produce heroin and other synthetic opioids for medicinal use and for illegal drug latex also contains the closely related Part(s) of plant: Latex.

Illicit cultivation of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) has traditionally been an Asian business.

This process may be carried out by farmers before shipping for consumption or further processing, or the raw opium may be transported to heroin manufacturing sites where the preparation is undertaken on a larger scale.

Opium Poppy and. Opium production increases along the highlands of Southeast Asia. English researcher, C.R. Wright first synthesizes heroin, or diacetylmorphine, by boiling morphine over a stove.

Book, The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia, revd. James M. Markham, who was a correspondent for The Associated Press in South Asia and Africa, now reports frequently on drug problems for The. Afghanistan has been the world's leading illicit opium producer since Afghanistan's opium poppy harvest produces more than 90% of illicit heroin globally, and more than 95% of the European supply.

More land is used for opium in Afghanistan than is used for coca cultivation in Latin America. In93% of the non-pharmaceutical-grade opiates on the world market originated in Afghanistan.

Opium Made Easy By Michael Pollan Harper's Magazine, April 1, Last season was a strange one in my garden, notable not only for the unseasonably cool and wet weather—the talk of gardeners all over New England—but also for its climate of paranoia.

Opium poppies thrive best when growing in dry, warm climates around the globe, and are usually grown in remote mountain regions. The vast majority of illicit opium poppy is grown in either the Golden Triangle in Southeast Asia which covers the mountainous area around Myanmar, Laos and Thailand or in the Golden Crescent which is located in the mountainous areas in the nations of Author: Gregory Sousa.

A standard unit of weight used in Southeast Asia for opium only. Equivalent to kilograms ( ounces). Thai-Shan-Lao term. poppy (opium poppy) An annual plant, Papaver somniferum, having grayish-green leaves and variously colored flowers.

The sole source of opium. poppy pod Sometimes called the seedpod, capsule, bulb, or head. Opium production in southeast Asia's "Golden Triangle" has tripled sincefueling an illicit drugs trade worth $ billion, a new United Nations report says.

Opium traders buy the raw opium from farmers. In Southeast Asia, the price for raw opium in – ranged from $ to $ per kilogram.

The price is marked up as the opium goes through each stage of processing and refinement. For example, the DEA reports that cooked opium is usually marked up approximately 20%.

Opium Poppy Cultivation and Heroin Processing in Southeast Asia: Executive Summary Origin and History of the Opium Poppy The Opium Poppy Plant Opium Poppy Growing Areas Field Selection and Land Clearing Land Preparation and Cultivation Methods Opium Harvesting Methods!

Cooking Opium Extraction of Morphine from Opium Conversion of Morphine to /5(9). Opium poppy cultivation soon made its way to Sumer’s neighbors, the Assyrians, who called the opium poppy “aratpa-pal,” (from which the Latin term papaver is .While the Golden Triangle in Southeast Asia has long been known as a major opium cultivation and heroin production center, in the past decade the area has also developed into an important base for methamphetamine production.